When you look at a sample of hard water and soft water it is hard to physically see the difference between the two. There are a few ways that one can distinguish between the two types of water. The first is when you go to wash your dishes. Soft water you will get a good amount of foaming as the water and the soap mix together. With increased amounts of calcium and magnesium, hard water will not have a rich lather and can leave spots and residue on dishes. The other way to distinguish between hard and soft water is to look at your pipes. Soft water will not have calcium build up inside the pipe, while hard water will show calcium deposits on the inside of the pipes.
Solving your Hard Water Issues
This can be devastating for industrial companies as well as costly for water service providers. Ways by which commercial and industrial industries can decrease the costs hard water damage can bring is through treatment of the water. These can include lime softening, ion exchange, reverse osmosis, and precipitation (chelating agents).
Reverse osmosis will push the water through a semi-permeable membrane which will allow the calcium and magnesium to be removed. Reverse osmosis is also popular for desalination purposes.
Chelating agents are used in chemical analysis, as water softeners, and are ingredients in many commercial products such as shampoos and food preservatives. Citric acid is used to soften water in soaps and laundry detergents.
Ion exchange removes the calcium and magnesium and replaces them with hydrogen. Then there will be an anion exchange where negative ions are removed and hydroxyl anions are released leaving the water mineral free.
Enviro Concepts have the latest technology available to treat hard water. Contact us to discuss which option is best for you.