Saltwater (Seawater) has a high level of salt content, hence its name. If the salinity (measure of salt content) of water is between 3% and 5% it is considered salt water. How can Australians utilise the water that is in abundance around us? The answer is seawater desalination.
How Does Salinity of Seawater Affect Australia
The salinity in saltwater differs around the world. This is because there is mixing of fresh water from river mouths and melting glaciers which can make seawater less saline.
Australia recently underwent some major changes in how water is used. Tough water restrictions were introduced because there was a water shortage. Being the driest inhabited continent, Australia will continue to face water shortages. This can be difficult to understand as Australia is surrounded by water. However, the water surrounding Australia is high in salinity and so unfit for human consumption.
Desalination can work in a few ways, through distillation and reverse osmosis. Distillation boils the water to separate the salt from fresh water and uses a lot of energy. Reverse osmosis uses high pressure to push saltwater through a semipermeable membrane to separate the water from the dissolved salts. Reverse Osmosis typically uses less energy than distillation.
Reverse Osmosis Desalination is an option for use in homes, schools, municipalities, commercial applications, industrial plants, on ships, practically anywhere. The size and the plant specifications need to meet the needs of the user.
If you have questions on solutions for saltwater, please contact us here with your questions.